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Appl Microbiol. 1973 Dec;26(6):982-90.

Isolation and characterization of a thermotolerant methanol-utilizing yeast.


A yeast capable of growth on methanol as its sole carbon-energy source was isoalted from soil samples and identified as a strain of Hansenula polymorpha. A continuous enrichment culture at 37 C with a simple mineral salts medium was used to select this organism. The isolate, designated DL-1, has a maximal specific growth rate of 0.22 per h, at pH 4.5 to 5.5 and temperatures of 37 to 42 C, in simple mineral salts medium with methanol (0.5%), biotin, and thiamine. Growth occurred in a chemostat at temperatures up to 50 C, with strong growth at 45 C. The maximal growth yield of the yeast on methanol was 0.36 g of dry cell weight per g of methanol, and the yield on oxygen was 0.37 g of dry cell weight per g of O(2). Protein content of the isolate is 46%, and total nucleic acid content varies from 5.0 to 7.0% with increasing growth rate from 0.08 to 0.20 per h. The amino acid profile of this yeast protein indicates that it could serve as a good source of food protein. Feeding studies with rats show the yeast to have no toxic effects.

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