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J Bacteriol. 1973 May;114(2):782-9.

Sodium and other inorganic growth requirements of bacteroides amylophilus.

Abstract

Bacteroides amylophilus has growth requirements for Na(+), PO(4) (3-), K(+), and small quantities of Mg(2+). No requirement could be shown for Ca(2+) in media previously found growth-yield-limiting for Bacteroides succinogenes. Deletion of Co(2+), Mn(2+), Cl(-), or SO(4) (2-) did not affect growth. Quantitative studies indicate that Na(+), K(+), and PO(4) (3-) have differing effects on the growth of B. amylophilus. A concentration of sodium and potassium ions affects both growth rate and growth yield, whereas a phosphate concentration markedly affects growth yield, but affects growth rate only slightly, if at all. The sodium requirement of B. amylophilus is absolute. It cannot be replaced by K(+), Li(+), Rb(+), or Cs(+). The latter three monovalent cations are toxic to B. amylophilus if supplied to the organism at Na(+)-replacing concentrations. K(+) is inactive at similar concentrations. The K(+) requirement of B. amylophilus may be satisfied by Rb(+). The concentration of Na(+) required by B. amylophilus for abundant growth suggests that B. amylophilus should be considered a slightly halophilic organism. The results suggest that Na(+) may be a more frequent requirement among terrestial bacteria obtained from relatively low-salt environments than has been previously believed.

PMID:
4735891
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC251839
Free PMC Article
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