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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1972 Jan;69(1):182-6.

The role of X-chromosome inactivation during spermatogenesis (Drosophila-allocycly-chromosome evolution-male sterility-dosage compensation).


Inactivation of the single X chromosome in the primary spermatocytes of species with heterogametic males is postulated as a basic control mechanism on the chromosomal level that is required for normal spermatogenesis. This view is supported by (a) cytological observations of X-chromosome allocycly in the primary spermatocytes of all male-heterogametic organisms that were adequately examined, (b) autoradiographic evidence of early cessation of transcription by the X chromosome in the mouse and three species of grasshopper, and (c) the male sterility of animals with certain X-chromosome rearrangements that cannot be attributed to misfunction of specific genes. X-chromosome inactivation during spermatogenesis is proposed as the ideal system for studies of genetic control at the chromosomal level.

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