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J Cell Biol. 1969 Oct;43(1):59-79.

Isolation and characterization of Golgi membranes from bovine liver.


Zonal centrifugation has been used to isolate a fraction from bovine liver which appears to be derived from the Golgi apparatus. Morphologically, the fraction consists mainly of sacs and tubular elements. Spherical inclusions, probably lipoproteins, are occasionally seen in negative stains of this material. The preparation is biochemically unique. UDP-galactose:N-acetyl glucosamine, galactosyl transferase activity is concentrated about 40-fold in this fraction compared to the homogenate. Rotenone- or antimycin-insensitive DPNH- or TPNH- cytochrome c reductase activities are 60-80% of the level of activities found in microsomes. Purified organelles from bovine liver such as plasma membranes, rough microsomes, mitochondria and nuclei have negligible levels of galactosyl transferase. Some activity is present in smooth microsomes but at a level compatible with the possible presence of Golgi membranes in this fraction. The Golgi fraction does not contain appreciable amounts of enzymes such as ATPase, 5'-nucleotidase, glycosidase, glucose-6-phosphatase, acid phosphatase, or succinate-cytochrome c reductase. Similar fractions isolated from bovine epididymis also have very high levels of galactosyl transferase. The fraction is heavily osmicated when incubated for long periods of time at elevated temperatures, a characteristic property of Golgi membranes.

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