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J Pediatr. 1974 Oct;85(4):570-3.

Detection of endotoxemia with the Limulus test: preliminary studies in severely malnourished children.


Eighteen Peruvian children with protein-calorie malnutrition were studied to evaluate the usefulness of the limulus assay for endotoxin in detecting gram-negative sepsis. Nine of the children had at least one positive Limulus assay, and eight of this group had bacteriologic cultures indicative of gram-negative infection. Four of these nine children with positive Limulus assays died, whereas only one of the nine children with negative assays died. This preliminary study suggests the usefulness of the Limulus assay as an adjunct to bacteriologic cultures in the early detection of significant gram-negative infection in severely malnourished children.

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