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Biochemistry. 1985 Sep 24;24(20):5510-6.

Kinetics of creatine kinase in heart: a 31P NMR saturation- and inversion-transfer study.


The kinetics of the phosphate exchange by creatine kinase (CK) was studied in solution and in the Langendorff-perfused rat heart at 37 degrees C. 31P inversion-transfer (IT) and saturation-transfer (ST) methods were applied. The kinetic parameters obtained by the two magnetization transfer methods were the same, whether in solution or in the perfused heart. Inversion transfer is the more efficient method, yielding the kinetic constants for the exchange and the relaxation rates of the transferred phosphate in both substrates, in one experiment. In solution the forward (kF) and reverse (kR) pseudo-first-order rate constants for the CK reaction (kF = k1[MgADP][H+]; kR = k-1[creatine]) as well as the concentrations of phosphocreatine (PCr), MgATP, and creatine (Cr) remained constant between pH 6.9 and pH 7.8. Equilibrium at this pH region is therefore maintained by compensating changes in the concentration of MgADP. The forward and reverse fluxes in the perfused heart were equal with an average flux ratio (fluxF/fluxR) of 0.975 +/- 0.065 obtained by both methods. Average values of kF and kR were 0.725 +/- 0.077 and 1.12 +/- 0.14 s-1, respectively. These results clearly indicate that the CK reaction in the Langendorff-perfused heart is in equilibrium and its rate is not limited by the diffusion of substrates between different locations of the enzyme. There is therefore no indication of compartmentation of substrates of the CK reaction.

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