Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Lipid Res. 1985 Sep;26(9):1126-33.

Lethal atherosclerosis associated with abnormal plasma and tissue sterol composition in sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis.


Tissue sterol composition was determined in an 18-year-old male with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis who died suddenly and whose coronary and aortic vessels showed extensive atherosclerosis and, for comparison, in an 18-year-old male with minimal atherosclerosis who died accidently. Sterols in the control tissues (plasma, erythrocytes, cardiac muscle, lung, liver, aorta, and brain) contained cholesterol with only trace amounts of cholestanol. In contrast, sterols in corresponding tissues of the sitosterolemic subject (except brain) were composed of cholesterol, increased amounts of plant sterols, campesterol and sitosterol, and 5 alpha-saturated stanols, cholestanol, 5 alpha-campestanol, and 5 alpha-sitostanol, that were deposited in approximately the same ratio as present in plasma. However, sitosterolemic brain sterol composition resembled that of the control brain with cholesterol and only trace amounts (less than 1%) of cholestanol and phytosterols. The sitosterolemic aorta was extensively atherosclerotic and contained more than twice the quantity of sterols as the control aorta (5.6 mg/g versus 2.6 mg/g) with increased amounts of cholesterol, plant sterols, and 5 alpha-saturated stanols. These results indicate that cholesterol, plant sterols, and 5 alpha-stanols are deposited prematurely and are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis in subjects with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk