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J Biol Chem. 1985 Dec 25;260(30):16122-30.

The 2.6-A crystal structure of Pseudomonas putida cytochrome P-450.


The crystal structure of Pseudomonas putida cytochrome P-450cam in the ferric, camphor bound form has been determined and partially refined to R = 0.23 at 2.6 A. The single 414 amino acid polypeptide chain (Mr = 45,000) approximates a triangular prism with a maximum dimension of approximately 60 A and a minimum of approximately 30 A. Twelve helical segments (A through L) account for approximately 40% of the structure while antiparallel beta pairs account for only approximately 10%. The unexposed iron protoporphyrin IX is sandwiched between two parallel helices designated the proximal and distal helices. The heme iron atom is pentacoordinate with the axial sulfur ligand provided by Cys 357 which extends from the N-terminal end of the proximal (L) helix. A substrate molecule, 2-bornanone (camphor), is buried in an internal pocket just above the heme distal surface adjacent to the oxygen binding site. The substrate molecule is held in place by a hydrogen bond between the side chain hydroxyl group of Tyr 96 and the camphor carbonyl oxygen atom in addition to complementary hydrophobic contacts between the camphor molecule and neighboring aliphatic and aromatic residues. The camphor is oriented such that the exo-surface of C5 would contact an iron bound, "activated" oxygen atom for stereoselective hydroxylation.

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