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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1985 Oct 10;819(2):241-8.

Evidence for a lactate transport system in the sarcolemmal membrane of the perfused rabbit heart: kinetics of unidirectional influx, carrier specificity and effects of glucagon.

Abstract

The kinetics and specificity of L-lactate transport into cardiac muscle were studied during a single transit through the isolated perfused rabbit heart using a rapid (15 s) paired-tracer dilution technique. Kinetic experiments revealed that lactate influx was highly stereospecific and saturable with an apparent Kt = 19 +/- 6 mM and a Vmax = 8.4 +/- 1.5 mumol/min per g (mean +/- S.E., n = 14 hearts). At high perfusate concentrations (10 mM), the inhibitors alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate (Ki = 7.3 mM), pyruvate (Ki = 6.5 mM), acetate (Ki = 19.4 mM) and chloroacetate (Ki = 28 mM) reduced L-lactate influx, and Ki values were estimated assuming a purely competitive interaction of the inhibitors with the monocarboxylate carrier. The monocarboxylic acids [14C]pyruvate and [3H]acetate were themselves transported, and sarcolemmal uptakes of respectively 38 +/- 1% and 70 +/- 8% were measured relative to D-mannitol. Perfusion of hearts for 10-30 min with 0.15 or 1.5 microM glucagon increased myocardial lactate production and simultaneously inhibited tracer uptake of lactate, pyruvate and acetate. It is concluded that a stereospecific lactate transporter exhibiting an affinity for other substituted monocarboxylic acids is operative in the sarcolemmal plasma membrane of the rabbit myocardium.

PMID:
4041458
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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