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Food Chem Toxicol. 1985 Mar;23(3):377-88.

Identification and assessment of the effects of chemicals on reproduction and development (reproductive toxicology).


Most studies for determining the reproductive toxicity of a chemical have to be conducted with whole animals. Test procedures used to investigate parts or the whole of the reproductive cycle are described in current guidelines. Other techniques, such as in vitro methods, and those for investigating specific events in the cycle, are under development. Epidemiological studies can give valuable information, although they are difficult to perform and interpret in practice. There is a need for more epidemiological studies of exposed populations and for recording and quantifying the concentrations of chemicals to which such populations are exposed. It is suggested that animal experiments should be programmed in a stepwise manner, and should take into account effects seen in previous toxicity studies. The programme of tests for determining reproductive toxic potential should be established on a case-by-case basis, since many factors will influence the choice of studies and the sequence in which they should be performed.

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