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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1977 Feb;33(2):400-5.

Isolation and molecular size of Clostridium botulinum type C toxin.


A procedure is described for the purification of hemagglutinin-free Clostridium botulinum type C toxin. The toxin was purified approximately 1,000-fold from the original culture supernatant in an overall yield of 60% to a final specific toxicity of 4.4 x 10(7) minimal lethal doses/mg of protein. The toxin had a molecular weight of 141,000 and consisted of a heavy and a light chain. The molecular weights of the subunits were approximately 98,000 and 53,000. When comparing the molecular size and composition of type C toxin to that of botulinum toxins of different types, some common features may be suggested; i.e., the toxin has a molecular weight between 141,000 to 160,000 and is comprised of a heavy and a light chain linked by disulfide bonds (or bond).

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