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J Biochem. 1985 Jun;97(6):1561-74.

Intracellular proclotting enzyme in limulus (Tachypleus tridentatus) hemocytes: its purification and properties.


A proclotting enzyme associated with the hemolymph coagulation system of limulus (Tachypleus tridentatus) was highly purified from the hemocyte lysate. The first step of purification was performed by chromatography of the lysate on a pyrogen-free dextran sulfate-Sepharose CL-6B column, which was essential for separation of the proclotting enzyme from its activator, named factor B. The following steps consisted of column chromatographies on DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B, Sephadex G-150, benzamidine-CH-Sepharose and Sephacryl S-300. Through these procedures, 1.4 mg of the purified material was obtained from 630 ml of the lysate and approximately 300-fold purification was achieved. The preparation gave a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) in the presence and absence of 2-mercaptoethanol. The single-chain proclotting enzyme was a glycoprotein with an apparent molecular weight of 54,000, and no gamma-carboxyglutamic acid was detected. The proclotting enzyme was converted to its active form by purified factor B or by trypsin. The resulting clotting enzyme had a molecular weight of 54,000, consisting of a heavy chain of Mr = 31,000 and a light chain of Mr = 25,000. The serine active site of the clotting enzyme was found in the heavy chain. The chemical analyses of the isolated heavy and light chains indicated that the activation of the proclotting enzyme to its active form by factor B or trypsin is induced by a limited proteolysis, yielding two chains bridged by a disulfide linkage(s).

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