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J Biol Chem. 1985 Aug 15;260(17):9660-5.

Inosine analogs. Their metabolism in mouse L cells and in Leishmania donovani.


The growth of Leishmania donovani promastigotes and mouse L cells is differentially inhibited by several inosine analogs with modifications in the imidazole ring. The protozoal and mammalian cells also demonstrate differential metabolism of these analogs. 7-Deazainosine, 7-thia-7,9-dideazainosine, and formycin B were converted to their respective ATP analogs by both cell types. 8-Azainosine was converted to a GTP analog by mouse L cells; L. donovani did not metabolize this nucleoside. 9-Deazainosine and allopurinol riboside were metabolized only to their respective IMP analogs by L cells. L. donovani metabolized 9-deazainosine and allopurinol riboside to their ATP analogs and also metabolized 9-deazainosine to its GTP analog. All nucleosides studied were resistant to cleavage by either organism. From metabolism studies in the presence of a specific enzyme inhibitor, it was deduced that allopurinol riboside, formycin B, and 9-deazainosine were phosphorylated by at least two different routes in the mouse L cells. The metabolism of formycin B was inhibited 65% by the adenosine kinase inhibitor, 5-iodotubercidin, whereas the metabolism of allopurinol riboside (14% inhibition) and 9-deazainosine (0% inhibition) was only slightly affected by this inhibitor. The metabolism of allopurinol riboside and 9-deazainosine by L. donovani was not affected by 5-iodotubercidin. In contrast to the results of L cells, the metabolism of formycin B by L. donovani was also not affected by 5-iodotubercidin. The abilities of mouse L cells and L. donovani to metabolize these inosine analogs to the corresponding nucleotide analogs of ATP or GTP may be considered to be an activating step and correlates well with the respective cytotoxic effects of these compounds.

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