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J Biol Chem. 1985 May 25;260(10):6385-93.

Characterization of a major form of rat hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 induced by isoniazid.


Cytochrome P-450j has been purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from isoniazid-treated adult male rats; and this enzyme appears to be a major protein induced in hepatic microsomes after administration of isoniazid, as judged by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The hemoprotein has a minimum molecular weight of approximately 51,500, and the ferrous-carbonyl complex of cytochrome P-450j has a Soret maximum at 451-452 nm. The oxidized heme iron appears to be predominately in the high spin state as deduced from the Soret maximum at 395 nm. Ethylisocyanide binds to ferrous cytochrome P-450j to yield spectral maxima at approximately 458 and 430 nm with a resultant 458/430 ratio of 0.7 at pH 7.4. Cytochrome P-450j has no measurable catalytic activity for the metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene (3- and 9-hydroxylation), hexobarbital, testosterone, and 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha,17 beta-diol-3,17-disulfate. Low, but detectable, catalytic activity is obtained for the metabolism of 7-ethoxycoumarin, benzphetamine, p-nitroanisole, zoxazolamine, and 2-hydroxylation of 17 beta-estradiol. In contrast, cytochrome P-450j effectively catalyzes p-hydroxylation of aniline with a turnover of 12.7 nmol/min/nmol cytochrome P-450j. Hydroxyl radical scavengers, Fe-EDTA, superoxide dismutase, and catalase have no effect on aniline p-hydroxylation catalyzed by cytochrome P-450j. Cytochrome P-450j is distinct from nine other rat hepatic microsomal cytochromes P-450 (P-450a-P-450i) previously purified in this laboratory, as well as different isozymes described by other investigators, based on several parameters including minimum molecular weight, spectral properties, and catalytic activity. In Ouchterlony double diffusion plates, antibodies against cytochromes P-450a-P-450f show no cross-reaction with cytochrome P-450j. Structural differences among cytochromes P-450a-P-450j are apparent from the NH2-terminal sequence of cytochrome P-450j, as well as the electrophoretic profiles of proteolytic digests of the hemoproteins.

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