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Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1985;39(1):35-9.

Comparative chromosome analysis of nine squamous cell carcinoma lines from tumors of the head and neck.


The chromosomes of nine cell lines from human squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck were examined. Five of the lines were derived from patients who had received chemotherapy and radiotherapy, one line was derived from a lymph-node metastasis from one of these patients, and three lines were from patients who had not been treated. The cell lines from the untreated patients had lower modal chromosome numbers than those of all but one of the lines from the treated patients. A structural abnormality involving chromosome 1 with breakpoints located in p13, p22, q21, or q32 was found in all cases. The NRAS and SK oncogenes are located in or near some of these segments. In four of the cell lines the nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) were 10-30 times larger than the NORs of the normal human chromosomes. Double minutes (DM) and homogeneously staining regions (HSR) were found in four of the lines.

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