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Hum Genet. 1985;69(2):164-9.

Improved identification of heterozygotes for homocystinuria due to cystathionine synthase deficiency by the combination of methionine loading and enzyme determination in cultured fibroblasts.

Abstract

Previous data on tentative identification of the carrier state for homocystinuria due to cystathionine synthase deficiency using methionine loading or measurement of cystathionine synthase activity in tissue extracts are conflicting. We studied the results of standardized oral methionine loading in 20 obligate heterozygotes and compared them with those of determination of cystathionine synthase activity in cultured fibroblasts. Special attention was devoted to our recently reported observation on the small but striking differences in methionine metabolism between healthy pre- and postmenopausal women and men. Fasting and after load peak levels of methionine in serum did not discriminate the carriers from the control subjects. The mean fasting level of total homocysteine was only significantly higher in the group of premenopausal heterozygotes than in the corresponding control group. Nevertheless, the individual values overlapped with the normal range in 4 of 12 premenopausal heterozygotes. After loading peak levels of total homocysteine in 18 out of the 20 obligate heterozygotes exceeded the upper limit of the ranges in the three control groups. Thus, this parameter discriminated 90% of the obligate carriers. Measurement of cystathionine synthase activity in cultured fibroblasts from a skin biopsy identified the obligate heterozygotes to a similar degree (85%). No significant correlation between the measurements of cystathionine synthase activity and the after load peak levels of total homocysteine in the individual heterozygotes was established. Combination of both methionine loading and determination of cystathionine synthase activity in cultured fibroblasts identified all of these carriers.

PMID:
3972418
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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