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Am J Cardiol. 1985 Jan 1;55(1):40-7.

Coronary risk factors and their pathway of action through coronary raised lesions, coronary stenoses and coronary death. Multivariate statistical analysis of an autopsy series: the Oslo Study.


From 1972 to 1973, 16,202 Oslo men, aged 40 to 49 years, were examined for cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. This report describes the results of autopsy examinations from 204 of 471 men who died in this cohort with regard to associations between selected risk factors and (1) raised coronary atherosclerotic lesions (RL), (2) coronary artery stenosis, and (3) CHD death. Total serum cholesterol and blood pressure levels were positively associated with all 3 measures of coronary atherosclerosis and its complications, both in univariate and multivariate analyses, whereas high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was highly and inversely related. Triglyceride levels, cigarette smoking, social class and physical activity at work and at leisure were not significantly associated with either of the 3 measures. When RL was added to the model with stenosis as the dependent variable, the risk factors no longer appeared as independent; this is consistent with the hypothesis that these factors, when significant, work through the development of RL to produce stenosis. HDL cholesterol was the only risk factor independently and significantly associated with CHD death when RL or stenosis or both were put into the model for CHD. This points to the possibility of HDL cholesterol also working through mechanisms other than the prevention of RL and stenosis toward CHD death.

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