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Exp Cell Res. 1985 Jan;156(1):231-8.

Actin organization during the cell cycle in meristematic plant cells. Actin is present in the cytokinetic phragmoplast.


The distribution and organisation of F-actin during the cell cycle of meristematic root-tip cells of Allium was investigated using a rhodamine-labelled phalloidin to stain F-actin in isolated cell preparations. Such preparations could, in addition, be stained for tubulin by immunofluorescence, enabling a comparison between F-actin and microtubule distributions in the same cell. In interphase, an extensive array of actin-filament bundles was present in the cytoplasm of elongating cells, the bundles generally following the long axis of the cell and passing in close proximity to the nucleus. In contrast, the interphase microtubule array occupied the cortex of the cell and was oriented at right angles to the actin bundles. In smaller, isodiametric cells, microfilament arrays were present but less well developed. During cell division, phalloidin-specific staining was seen in the cytokinetic phragmoplast, and co-distributed with microtubules at all stages of cell plate formation; however, neither the pre-prophase band nor the mitotic spindle were stained with phalloidin. Co-distribution of F-actin and microtubules only occurs, therefore, at cytokinesis. The relationship between microfilaments and microtubules is discussed, together with the possible role of actin in the phragmoplast.

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