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Metabolism. 1985 Apr;34(4):345-53.

Changes in the distribution and composition of high-density lipoproteins in primary hypothyroidism.


The distribution and composition of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses were investigated in 14 women with severe hypothyroidism who were studied before and during treatment. The plasma concentrations of triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and of the apoproteins (apo) A-I, B, and E were increased in the hypothyroid state, while the apo A-II levels did not change significantly. After normalization of the thyroid function tests, the lipid and apoprotein levels were similar to those of normal individuals. Isopycnic ultracentrifugation in the density range 1.020 to 1.210 g/mL showed increases of both cholesterol and apo B in very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and in low-density lipoprotein (LDL). The distribution of the HDL subclasses was modified in the hypothyroid subjects; both the less dense HDL fraction (d 1.063 to 1.100 g/mL; HDL2b), and the denser subclass (d 1.150 to 1.210 g/mL; HDL3b+3c) were increased, while the intermediate density subfraction (d 1.100 to 1.150 g/mL; HDL2a+3a) did not vary significantly. This redistribution of the HDL subfractions was associated with increased concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipid, and apo A-I in HDL2b, and of phospholipid and apo A-I in HDL3b+3c. Treatment of hypothyroidism decreased the concentrations of these fractions, and HDL2a+3a became the major HDL subclass in the euthyroid state. The particle sizes within HDL subfractions, measured by polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis, were identical in the untreated and treated patients. The increased mass of protein and lipid within HDL2b and HDL3b+3c could therefore be attributed to an accumulation of identical-sized particles. The overall lipid and protein composition of the HDL lipoproteins was similar before and during treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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