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Biol Reprod. 1985 Nov;33(4):1001-8.

Reaction of the chromatoid body with a monoclonal antibody to a rat histocompatibility antigen.


The monoclonal antibody OX3 against a polymorphic class II antigen encoded by the major histocompatibility locus of the rat has been shown to cross-react with the chromatoid body during spermatogenesis. Using an indirect immunofluorescence assay on frozen, fixed testis sections, the antibody revealed a pattern of fluorescent speckling that correlated with specific stages of spermatogenesis. The positive material first appeared in late pachytene spermatocytes as multiple small spots. Larger dots appeared in all regions containing round spermatids, but, as the spermatids matured, only fine dots were seen. Mature spermatids were negative, as were all early cells (spermatogonia to early pachytene spermatocytes). When suspension of fixed testicular cells were tested, the activity was clearly associated with the chromatoid body adjacent to the nucleus in round spermatids and with multiple smaller structures encircling the nucleus in primary spermatocytes. These associations were confirmed in observations on immature testes at various ages. No reactivity was seen in testes of animals whose testes had previously been irradiated to render them aspermatogenic, nor in grc/grc rats in which spermatogenesis is arrested at the primary spermatocyte stage. Because the expression of this reactivity was seen even in rats that do not express the OX3 antigen on their somatic cells, this antibody should prove useful in determining the structure of this body, its origin and fate, and any possible role it may have in spermiogenesis.

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