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Obstet Gynecol. 1985 Oct;66(4):513-6.

Comparison of intravenous administration with intrauterine irrigation with ceforanide for nonelective cesarean section.


A randomized, prospective, double-blind study was designed to compare intravenous administration with intrauterine irrigation using an extended half-life (t1/2 = three hours) cephalosporin, ceforanide. Patients included in the study had a nonelective cesarean section with rupture of membranes for three hours or longer. Sixty-four patients received a single dose of ceforanide immediately after clamping the umbilical cord. Patients were similar in both groups in age, weight, length of labor, and duration of ruptured membranes. The group receiving the intravenous ceforanide had a significantly shorter duration of surgery than the patients receiving the intrauterine ceforanide. Endometritis infection rates were similar, 11.8% (intravenous) versus 11.1% (intrauterine), P greater than .1. Serum levels were as much as tenfold higher in the intravenous group versus the intrauterine group. Intrauterine irrigation with an antimicrobial agent provided no advantage over systemic administration.

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