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J Biol Chem. 1985 Sep 25;260(21):11389-92.

Multiple forms of endothelial cell growth factor. Rapid isolation and biological and chemical characterization.


Endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF) can be rapidly purified from bovine brain to high specific activity using heparin-Sepharose affinity chromatography. Purification of the mitogen by this method results in relatively high yields of the polypeptide (10 to 100 micrograms/kg of tissue) with biological activity on murine and human endothelial cells in the picogram range. The product obtained is a mixture of two single-chain polypeptides with apparent molecular weights of 17,000 (alpha-ECGF) and 20,000 (beta-ECGF) by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The two forms of ECGF can be separated by either NaCl gradient elution from heparin-Sepharose or reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography. The two polypeptides are related on the basis of similar: amino acid compositions, affinity for heparin-Sepharose, cyanogen bromide and trypsin-derived cleavage products, and biological activity. Furthermore, the cyanogen bromide fragments derived from the two forms of ECGF also possess similar amino acid compositions and mobilities on sodium dodecyl sulfate gels. These data suggest that there are at least two discrete molecular forms of ECGF in bovine brain and that these two molecules are structurally related.

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