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Neuropeptides. 1985 Feb;5(4-6):331-4.

Selected opioids and responding for intracranial reinforcement.


Rats fixed with chronically indwelling electrodes for intracranial stimulation (ICS) of the lateral hypothalamus pressed a lever during daily sessions for a fixed intensity of ICS. Before some sessions, they were given placebo, or ethylketocyclazocine (EKC) in racemic or isomeric forms [either (+)EKC or (-)EKC]. Naloxone (NX) was also given with the agents. The racemate facilitated pressing across a narrow range of small doses (centered about 0.02 mg/kg). At no dose did (-)EKC, a potent analgesic, facilitate pressing and typically depressed it. (+)EKC, at doses of 0.04 and 0.08 mg/kg, facilited pressing. These data provide further confirmation that opioid analgesia and ability to enhance pressing are separable. When NX was given with a large dose of the racemate, paradoxically pressing for ICS was facilitated. Apparently, NX selectively blocked the effects of (-)EKC. SKF 10047 was also administered in racemic and isomeric forms. All three forms produced some facilitation of pressing at small doses (e.g., 0.75 mg/kg) and depressed pressing at large doses (e.g., 5.0 mg/kg).

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