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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1985 Apr;60(4):727-30.

Ascertainment of 21-hydroxylase deficiency in individuals with HLA-B14 haplotype.


21-Hydroxylase activity was measured in North American caucasian individuals with the HLA-B14 antigen to estimate the frequency of heterozygosity for the attenuated congenital adrenal hyperplasia trait. A 30-min iv ACTH stimulation test was administered to 9 normal HLA-B14-positive subjects and to a comparable HLA-B14-negative control group. Changes in plasma progesterone and 17-hydroxyprogesterone over 30 min were summed and expressed as a combined rate of rise. Six of 9 HLA-B14-positive individuals had a rate of rise greater than 2 SD above the mean control value. On this basis, about two thirds of B-14-positive individuals are heterozygote carriers for 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Thus, the frequency of the attenuated form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia linked to the HLA-B14 locus in women is approximately 1 in 6000 if there is only 1 B14, and 1 in 2000 if there are 2 B14s in the HLA type.

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