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Differentiation. 1985;28(3):260-7.

Serological analysis of early mouse embryo with rat monoclonal antibodies produced against mouse teratocarcinoma cells.


Rat-mouse hybridoma antibodies were produced against mouse teratocarcinoma F9 or PCC4 aza1 cells, and four clones were established. Both the F11 (IgM) and F20 (IgG2c) antibodies showed a similar specificity, reacting only with nullipotential teratocarcinoma cells. They were also found to agglutinate sheep red blood cells. Solid-phase enzyme-linked immunofluorescence assay showed that, among the neutral glycolipids studied, they only reacted with the Forssman antigen. P2 antibody (IgG2b) reacted with the undifferentiated-type and embryonal endodermtype teratocarcinoma cells. During the preimplantation stage, this antibody did not stain mouse embryos, but it reacted very weakly with the inner cell mass of blastocysts cultured in vitro. In the 5th-day embryo, the embryonic ectoderm as well as the visceral and parietal endoderm were positive, but the extraembryonic ectoderm was not. Mesoderm of the 7.5th-day embryo also reacted with this antibody. However, P2 antigen was not observed in the 16th-day embryo or in adult tissues. F2 antibody (IgG2a), which was reactive with all of the cultured cell lines tested, showed an immunoreaction with mouse embryos throughout the preimplantation stage. However, in the 7.5th-day embryo, the presence of F2 was limited to the cells forming the parietal endoderm. This antigen was present in some epithelial tissues of the 16th-day embryo and adult mouse. Of these antigens, P2 and F2 are probably novel differentiation antigens of the early mouse embryo. Together with the Forssman antigen, these will be important markers for analyzing cell-surface antigens of mouse teratocarcinoma cells as well as embryos.

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