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Invest Radiol. 1987 Jan;22(1):47-55.

The production and evaluation of contrast-carrying liposomes made with an automatic high-pressure system.


An automatic, high-pressure system (Microfluidizer) has been found useful for producing contrast-carrying liposomes on an industrial scale. The goal of this investigation was to determine the feasibility of using this new microemulsification process to manufacture contrast-carrying microemulsified liposomes (MELs). Seven contrast media (three ionic, four nonionic) were encapsulated into the MELs. Light and electron microscopy, light scattering, radioisotope, and CT scan techniques were used to characterize these MELs, and the contrast entrapments among the studied media were compared. The contrast-carrying MELs had good properties for imaging normal reticuloendothelial tissues, selectively. They had a narrow size range (0.1-3.0 micron), a single bilayer wall, high liver and spleen upake, and low leakage rates. The nonionic media were significantly more effectively entrapped in the MELs than the ionic media (P less than .05). The iodine-to-lipid weight ratio was about 1:16 for ionic media and 1:4 for nonionic media. Physical properties of the contrast media such as osmotic pressure and charge appeared to affect contrast entrapment. It was concluded that the microemulsification process is a useful system for producing contrast-carrying liposomes continuously, on a large scale and in a reproducible manner.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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