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Am J Sports Med. 1987 Jan-Feb;15(1):15-21.

Treatment of the medial collateral ligament injury. I: The importance of anterior cruciate ligament on the varus-valgus knee laxity.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explain the functional roles of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) and the ACL and how they affect the kinematics of the knee joint after isolated MCL injury. Varus-valgus joint laxity was quantitatively measured using a device which allowed various degrees of freedom (DOF) of joint motion during application of a varus-valgus bending moment to the canine knee joint. When the knee motion was limited to 3 DOF (varus-valgus rotation, proximal-distal, and medial-lateral translation), valgus laxity increased significantly (171%) after sectioning the MCL. Thus, the MCL was the primary restraint to the valgus bending moment in the 3 DOF mode. However, the effect of sectioning the MCL on valgus laxity became minimal (21% increase) when the DOF of knee motion was increased to 5 (by adding axial tibial rotation and anterior-posterior translation). In this situation, external and internal tibial axial rotation were coupled with the varus and valgus rotation of the knee joint, respectively, and the ACL also functioned to restrain the varus-valgus rotation. The results of this study suggest that under normal knee joint motion, the functional deficit of the MCL in valgus rotation was compensated for by the remaining structures, especially by the ACL.

PMID:
3812857
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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