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Am J Med. 1987 Feb;82(2):307-12.

Tumor-induced osteomalacia. Kinetics of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D metabolism and characteristics of bone histomorphometry.


A patient with a mesenchymal tumor and hypophosphatemic osteomalacia was studied before and after tumor excision. Initial laboratory values included normal serum calcium, decreased serum phosphorus and tubular reabsorption of phosphate, undetectable 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and normal parathyroid hormone. Histomorphometry of a bone biopsy specimen showed evidence of increased osteoclastic bone resorption. By 16 hours after tumor removal, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D level had normalized, but serum phosphorus level was unchanged; at 28 hours, both serum phosphorus value and tubular reabsorption of phosphate were within normal limits. It is concluded that tumor removal is associated with rapid correction both of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D production and of renal phosphate wasting. Increased bone resorption suggests the production of an osteoclast activator by the tumor and may explain the typically normal serum calcium value in this disorder.

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