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Gastroenterology. 1987 Feb;92(2):390-9.

Malabsorption, hypocholesterolemia, and fat-filled enterocytes with increased intestinal apoprotein B. Chylomicron retention disease.


Eight infants presented with a malabsorption syndrome, normal fasting triglycerides, hypocholesterolemia (64.3 +/- 10.0 mg/dl), and deficiency of vitamins A and E. Plasma low-density lipoprotein, apolipoprotein B, and apolipoprotein A-I were decreased. After a fatty meal, plasma triglycerides did not increase and chylomicrons could not be identified. Lipoprotein composition was characterized by normal apoproteins, high phospholipids, and low cholesterol. Increased triglycerides were present in low-density lipoproteins. Immunoperoxidase localization of apolipoprotein B on fasting biopsy specimens showed increased staining of the lipid-laden intestinal epithelial cells compared to normals. On electron microscopy after a fat load, the enterocytes contained large numbers of fat particles vesiculating the endoplasmic reticulum. These particles, morphologically similar to chylomicrons, were also present as aggregates of well-individualized lipid droplets within dilated vesicles in the Golgi zone, but were not seen in the intercellular spaces and lacteals. This recessively transmitted condition differs from abetalipoproteinemia and from the homozygous form of hypobetalipoproteinemia and may be caused by a defect in the final assembly of chylomicrons or in the mechanism of their exocytosis.

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