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Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1986 Oct;63(10):839-46.

Binocular vs. monocular task performance.


Functional advantages of binocularity were investigated by having 13 subjects perform a group of occupational-type tasks under monocular and binocular conditions. Significant binocular advantages ranging from 29.5% (pointers in straws) to 3.7% (reading speed) were measured. Tasks with many disparity cues showed the greatest binocular advantage. This shows that patients with normal binocular vision use binocular cues, most likely stereopsis, to enhance performance. In a second experiment, three subjects with normal binocular vision underwent monocular occlusion for 5 days to investigate whether monocular skills improved to compensate for the loss of binocular vision. During that period binocular performance was consistently better than monocular performance, and both monocular and binocular performance improved, even though the subjects were only gaining monocular experience. Although the 5 day occlusion period does not simulate the long-term denial of normal binocularity that strabismics or monocular patients experience, it shows that binocular superiority remains after short-term loss of binocularity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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