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Mutat Res. 1986 Nov;175(3):139-44.

Validation of the SOS/Umu test with mutagenic complex mixtures.


The SOS/Umu test, a rapid system for detecting genotoxic agents by monitoring SOS responses, was evaluated with the extracts of 8 mutagenic complex mixtures (airborne particles, coal dust, tobacco snuff, fried beef, fried shredded pork, airborne particles from polyurethane plants). In this system, the SOS function induced by genotoxicants is detected by a colorimetric measurement of beta-galactosidase in tester cells carrying a umuC-lacZ-fused gene on the plasmid. Results from the study show that a higher beta-galactosidase activity was found when the enzyme substrate and treated cells were added simultaneously into the enzyme reaction mixture and post-treatment dilution (10 X dilution with fresh medium) and incubation (for 2 h) were incorporated. The post-treatment dilution is necessary to reduce a possible false positive due to the color of test substances. The extracts of all mutagenic complex mixtures tested were found to induce dose-related SOS responses, indicating that the SOS/Umu test is potentially useful for the detection of mutagenic complex environmental mixtures.

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