Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Oct 1;883(3):506-16.

Comparison of brush border membrane glycoproteins and glycoenzymes in the proximal and distal rat small intestine.


Brush border membranes isolated from the proximal and distal portions of the rat small intestine were examined to see whether qualitative differences exist in their glycoprotein constituents. After SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis distinct differences were observed, indicating that the protein and glycoprotein profiles of the distal intestine are less complex. A competitive radioassay of lectin receptors revealed that there are significantly more wheat germ agglutinin and succinylated wheat germ agglutinin receptors present on brush border membranes from proximal intestine as compared to distal intestine. However, binding of Ricinus communis agglutinin I to brush border membranes of distal intestine was 2-times higher than that of proximal intestine. These segmental differences were also reflected in the binding patterns of individual brush border membrane hydrolases to wheat germ agglutinin and R. communis agglutinin I. Carbohydrate analysis demonstrated that the overall sugar content of brush border membranes is higher in distal intestine, with more galactose and sialic acid residues. No difference was found in the content of N-acetylglucosamine between the two segments. When brush border membranes from both segments were used as acceptors for galactosyltransferase, those from proximal intestine were better acceptors. Neuraminidase treatment significantly enhanced galactose oxidase/sodium borotritide labeling of brush border membranes from distal intestine and altered the electrophoretic mobility of dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV and aminopeptidase N. No significant changes in labeling or enzyme electrophoretic mobility were noted in brush border membranes from proximal intestine after neuraminidase treatment. These studies indicate that the glycoproteins from brush border membranes of proximal and distal intestine are qualitatively different and that the glycoproteins from distal intestine may have more completed oligosaccharide side chains.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk