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Peptides. 1986;7 Suppl 1:1-6.

Structure and expression of the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) gene in a human tumor.

Abstract

To identify the VIP biosynthetic pathways, we have isolated the human VIP gene, using synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides. These specific hybridization probes were constructed according to the neuroblastoma VIP-cDNA sequence and contained up to 39 bases. The gene structure was deduced by direct chemical nucleotide sequencing. Six exons were thus far discovered; among them two short exons, one encoding VIP and the second encoding PHM-27 (a peptide having a N-terminal histidine and C-terminal methionine amide, closely related in sequence and activity to VIP). As a model system for VIP gene expression, we used a human buccal tumor producing elevated amounts of VIP. In these cells, a major transcript of the VIP-gene was identified as a long RNA containing intron sequences. The occurrence of elevated quantities of a high molecular weight, intron containing, gene transcript which is not processed directly into mature RNA suggests that VIP gene expression may be regulated at the RNA processing level.

PMID:
3748844
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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