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Int J Biochem. 1986;18(8):713-8.

In situ analysis of adenylate cyclase activity in permeabilized rat adipocytes: sensitivity to GTP, isoproterenol, and N6-(phenylisopropyl)adenosine.


Adenylate cyclase activity in rat adipocyte suspensions was assayed in situ using a digitonin permeabilization technique. Recovery of activity was dependent on digitonin concentration, reaching a maximum at 20 micrograms/ml digitonin and paralleling the effect on cell permeability. Maximum adenylate cyclase activity recovered in permeabilized cells was 75% of that in comparable homogenates. Isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic agonist, activated adenylate cyclase by 1.4, 2.2 and 4.5 fold at 10(-6), 10(-5) and 10(-3) M, respectively, despite perturbation of the plasma membrane. Exogenous GTP was not required for expression of beta-adrenergic activation, but 10(-5) M GTP maximally increased both basal and isoproterenol-dependent activity. The response to 10(-6) M isoproterenol was increased 2.1 fold by 10(-5) M GTP. N6-(Phenylisopropyl)adenosine at 10(-6) M inhibited both basal and isoproterenol-dependent adenylate cyclase activity by approximately 30%, demonstrating that the adenosine-dependent inhibitory pathway (Ni) remained functional in the digitonin-permeabilized cells. In situ analysis of adenylate cyclase is not only simple and rapid, but provides a unique approach to studying regulation of this key enzyme.

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