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Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1986;65(4):291-4.

Predictive values of diagnostic tests in the evaluation of female urinary stress incontinence.

Abstract

Preoperatively a collaboration between gynecologists, urologists and radiologists is essential for the diagnostic accuracy of urinary incontinence especially to isolate stress incontinence for surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to estimate the value of these combined efforts. 212 women referred for urinary incontinence were assessed by history of micturition, pelvic examination, cystoscopy, cystometry, stress test for urine loss, uroflowmetry and colpo-cysto-urethrography. A final diagnosis obtained on this basis classified the patients in stress incontinence (130), urge incontinence (47), neuromuscular dysfunction (6), uncertain type (10), other disease (8) and no incontinence (11). According to calculations of predictive values of positive and negative tests, respectively, each single test in the preoperative investigation programme was evaluated regarding the final diagnosis stress incontinence. It was assumed that the symptom stress incontinence, the pelvic examination and the colpo-cysto-urethrography were of minor or no importance for the diagnosis stress incontinence but might have been for the choice of surgical treatment. Cystoscopy and uroflowmetry had no place in daily routine. In contrast normal cystometry and especially the sign stress incontinence deserved consideration of refinements.

PMID:
3739640
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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