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J Orthop Res. 1986;4(2):133-41.

Tensile properties of the medial collateral ligament as a function of age.

Abstract

The biomechanical properties of the rabbit medial collateral ligament (MCL) as a function of maturation and age were investigated. Femur-MCL-tibia (F-M-T) preparations were obtained from rabbits of different age groups (open or closed epiphysis). Parallel increases in the animal body weight and ligament cross-sectional area were recorded with age. Cyclic and tensile failure tests were performed to obtain the structural properties of the F-M-T complex and the mechanical properties of the MCL substance. There were significant increases in the load at failure, energy-absorbing capability of the bone-ligament junction, and in the tensile strength of the ligament substance as a result of maturation and subsequent aging. Increases in the area of hysteresis obtained during cyclic loading-unloading were also documented. At the closing of the epiphysis, the mode of failure of the F-M-T structure progressed from tibial avulsion to failure in the midsubstance of the ligament. An asynchronous rate of maturation was observed between the structural properties of the bone-ligament complex and the mechanical properties of the ligament substance.

PMID:
3712122
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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