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Med J Aust. 1986 Apr 28;144(9):466-8.

A prospective comparison study of premenstrual symptoms.

Abstract

A study in which two groups of women were compared prospectively has been carried out. One group (n = 31) complained of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) whereas the other group (n = 12) denied suffering from PMS. It was found that premenstrual symptoms increased significantly in women who complained of PMS although some symptoms (irritability, abdominal swelling) increased significantly in the other group as well. The group that complained of PMS showed significantly greater premenstrual increases in some symptoms than did the comparison group, but not in anxiety, irritability, tension or breast tenderness. In the late follicular phase statistically significant baseline differences occurred between the two groups in depression, anxiety, tension and irritability. Significant correlations between baseline and premenstrual scores in the PMS group were found for most of the symptoms that were studied, particularly for tension, anxiety, sleeplessness and depression. These results suggest that women who complain of premenstrual syndrome may require therapy for their generally higher levels of anxiety and depression throughout the entire menstrual cycle rather than for the premenstrual exacerbation alone.

PMID:
3702793
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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