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Surgery. 1979 Feb;85(2):177-83.

Expanded microporous polytetrafluoroethylene as a vascular substitute: a two year follow-up.


Since 1974, 131 femoropopliteal, distal popliteal, and tibial bypasses have been performed using expanded microporous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Forty patients were operated on for limb salvage, and 21 had had previous bypass procedures. The overall patency rate was 82%. Early occlusions possibly were related to technical error, but most probably were due to severity of disease and poor runoff. Late occlusions were related to progressive atherosclerosis in the proximal or distal arterial tree. A 75.7% cumulative patency rate was noted at 28 months. In man the PTFE prosthesis demonstrates a smooth intimal lining with fibroblastic ingrowth into the interstices of the graft. These results are considered to be excellent in this high-risk patient population. The patency rates achieved with PTFE are better than those accomplished with alternative conduits and approach the patency rates reported with autogenous saphenous vein. Expanded microporous polytetrafluoroethylene with its high patency, pliability, and tissue incorporation is an excellent arterial substitute. Only with continued use of this material and a more uniform patient selection can more equitable comparisons be made between expanded PTFE and the autogenous vein.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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