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Urology. 1987 Oct;30(4):307-15.

Treatment options for patients with stage D1 (T0-3,N1-2,M0) adenocarcinoma of prostate.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.


Three hundred six patients with adenocarcinoma of the prostate underwent pelvic lymphadenectomy and had Stage D1 (T0-3,N1-2,M0) disease; 171 patients underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy with or without immediate adjuvant therapy (hormonal or radiation or both) or conservative (hormonal or radiation or both) treatment alone (n = 135). Follow-up was one-half to eighteen and one-half years (mean, 5 yrs). Immediate adjuvant orchiectomy significantly (P = 0.01) improved survival (87.4% at 10 years) and nonprogression rates for patients who underwent radical prostatectomy, but not for those who had lymphadenectomy. Overall patient survival was significantly better (P = 0.005) after prostatectomy than lymphadenectomy. Residual disease (n = 43) in patients who underwent prostatectomy and received adjuvant treatment (orchiectomy or radiation or both) did not affect disease outcome. Bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy and radical prostatectomy with immediate adjuvant orchiectomy provided survival comparable to the expected survival; conservative treatment alone was associated with rapid disease progression and poor survival and significantly (P = 0.02) higher local morbidity.

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