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Eur J Pediatr. 1987 Jul;146(4):398-400.

A case control study of necrotizing enterocolitis occurring over 8 years in a neonatal intensive care unit.

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  • 1Istituto di Medicina dell'Età Evolutiva, II Facoltà di Medicina & Chirurgia, Napoli, Italy.


The perinatal histories of 27 newborn infants with NEC were compared to those of 54 infants of equivalent birth weight who did not have NEC during an 8-year study period to see if possible predisposing factors were independent of the confounding effect of birth weight. No differences were observed in gestational age, degree of intrauterine growth retardation, premature rupture of membranes, perinatal asphyxia, skin temperature at admission, haematocrit, presence or absence of respiratory distress syndrome, umbilical catheter placement, start and type of feeding or presence of positive blood cultures. Prematurity is the greatest risk factor predisposing to the development of NEC and the perinatal problems which precede the onset of NEC are common among all premature infants.

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