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Ann Neurol. 1987 Jul;22(1):13-7.

Oculogyric crisis: a syndrome of thought disorder and ocular deviation.


In 3 patients who suffered oculogyric crises, mental changes accompanied upward deviation of the eyes. In 1 patient, whom we studied in detail, the mental disturbance consisted of a disorder of attention in which pathological fixation of a thought occurred. During the period of upward eye deviation, all functional types of conjugate eye movements were present in the upper field of gaze, suggesting an imbalance of the vertical gaze-holding mechanism. The eyes could be driven down only by a combined blink and downward saccade. Both the thought disorder and the ocular deviation responded promptly to anticholinergic agents. We propose that the disorders of thought and eye movement in oculogyric crisis are linked by a pharmacological imbalance common to both.

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