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Am Surg. 1987 Sep;53(9):477-81.

The effects of aspirin, dipyridamole and warfarin in femorodistal reconstruction: long-term results.


This study was done to evaluate the effect of aspirin (ASA), dipyridamole (DIP), and warfarin on 406 patients who had femoropopliteal-tibial operations with saphenous vein (SV), umbilical vein (UV), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and Dacron (DuPont, Wilmington, DE). Above-knee bypasses were performed in 181 patients: 77 were taking ASA and DIP at the time of operation, 41 were placed on postoperative "low-dose" warfarin, whereas 63 did not receive adjunctive medications. Late patency demonstrated no significant difference among the groups based on graft material used (SV 71%, UV 68%, PTFE 66%, and Dacron 65%) (P less than .25). Below-knee femoro-popliteal bypasses were performed in 183 patients: 82 were taking ASA and DIP at the time of operation, 40 were placed on warfarin postoperatively and no medications were given to 41 patients. Late patency rates (39 months) demonstrated that SV (62%) was superior to UV (51%), PTFE (30%), and Dacron (18%) (P less than .01). Femorotibial-peroneal bypasses were done in 42 patients: 13 patients were taking ASA and DIP at operation, 21 were placed on warfarin postoperatively and 8 received no medication. SV late patency (33 months) was again superior (43%) to UV (31%); no PTFE or Dacron grafts functioned after 24 months. Patients who took warfarin and ASA had the best early (16 months) patency results. Above-knee prosthetic grafts achieved late patency rates similar to SV while reducing operative time, shortening recuperation, and sparing the saphenous vein for use in the coronary or infrapopliteal vessels. In below-knee bypasses SV was superior to prosthetic grafts, with or without the use of ASA and DIP or warfarin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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