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Anthropol Anz. 1987 Jun;45(2):165-73.

Sub-cutaneous tissue growth in boys of the Gaddi tribe, Himachal Pradesh, India.


Gaddi boys from the Bharmour sub-tehsil of the Chamba District (Himachal Pradesh, India) aged from 4 to 20 years were studied cross-sectionally during 1974-1975 for skin and sub-cutaneous tissue thickness. The patterns of change of skinfolds at triceps and calf (limb skinfolds) are similar to each other, but different from that of the subscapular and suprailiac (trunk skinfolds), which in turn also follow a similar pattern. The trunk skinfolds decrease from 5 to 7-8 years, sharply in the beginning, but slowly thereafter, and remain almost constant until age 12 and gain in thickness during adolescence. The limb skinfolds decrease in thickness from 5 to 11-12 years, and then they increase slowly. A comparison of skinfolds of the Gaddi boys with other neighbouring as well as distant populations reveals that, by and large, the Gaddi boys possess smaller amounts of sub-cutaneous tissue. Nutritional inadequacies, hard work and adverse environmental factors of moderate altitudes seem to put great stress on the development of sub-cutaneous fat among Gaddi boys. Standards of growth of triceps skinfold for this population are provided.

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