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Am J Vet Res. 1987 Jun;48(6):910-4.

Auditory brain stem response testing in anesthetized horses.


Auditory brain stem response testing, using insert earphones, was performed in 10 healthy horses given general anesthesia. The procedure involved clicks of alternating polarity delivered at a rate of 25 clicks/s. Wave forms, including five peaks, were commonly identified. Latencies were measured in milliseconds for waves I through V for all intensities. Latencies of all waves decreased as stimulus intensity increased. For waves I through V, a least-squares regression line was determined for each horse, using all responses between 87-dB sound pressure level (SPL) and 136-dB SPL, inclusive. Slopes were significantly (P less than 0.05) less than zero for waves I through IV, but not for wave V. Peak latencies of each wave averaged at 87-dB SPL for waves I through V were 1.73, 2.6, 3.82, 4.80, and 5.71 ms, respectively; latencies of these five waves at 136-dB SPL were 1.36, 2.2, 3.06, 3.92, and 4.71 ms, respectively. The decrease in latency among the five waves ranged from 0.13 to 0.004 ms/dB. When peak values were below 87-dB SPL, waves became essentially unrecognizable.

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