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Anal Biochem. 1987 Mar;161(2):519-23.

The creatine phosphate energy shuttle--the molecular asymmetry of a "pool".


The creatine phosphate shuttle energy transfer mechanism was postulated on the basis of the hexokinase acceptor theory of insulin action. It proposes that the movement of chemical energy from the mitochondrion to the myofibril is in the form of creatine phosphate. This occurs because there are isozymes of creatine phosphokinase bound to the inner membrane of the sarcosome and to the A band of the myofibril. These isozymes have been shown to act as transducers of energy from ATP to creatine phosphate at the translocase site and from creatine phosphate back to ATP at the myofibrillar compartment. Calculations show that there is no significant amount of transformation of creatine phosphate to ATP in the intervening space between the mitochondrion and the myofibril so that, essentially, transport between the oxidative sites and the contractile apparatus is through the creatine phosphate shuttle. There is also evidence that another terminus for this shuttle is the microsome so that muscle activity tends to increase energy supply for protein synthesis.

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