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J Physiol (Paris). 1986;81(5):368-73.

Systemic and regional blood flows during graded treadmill exercise in dogs.


The purpose of the study was to describe hemodynamic response and regional blood flows through various organs and tissues (microsphere technique) in dogs (n = 8), at rest and during mild (4 km/h, 13% slope; heart rate = 154 bpm), moderate (4 km/h, 26% slope; heart rate = 201 bpm), and severe (4 km/h, 39% slope; heart rate = 266 bpm) exercise on treadmill. Cardiac output (rest: 3.2 +/- 0.3; 39% slope: 10.2 +/- 1.3 l/min; mean +/- SE), systolic aortic pressure (rest: 122 +/- 4; 39% slope: 158 +/- 9 mm Hg), and left atrial pressure (rest: 5 +/- 0.7; 39% slope: 11.0 +/- 0.6 mm Hg) increased linearly with workload. On the contrary stroke volume increased from rest (35 +/- 2 ml) to mild (38 +/- 2 ml) and moderate (42 +/- 3 ml) exercise but decreased in response to the severe workload (38 +/- 5 ml). Regional blood flows across the brain, femoral bone, adrenal glands and temporalis muscle were not modified during exercise. On the contrary, a marked increase in regional blood flow was observed through the flexor and extensor muscles of the limb (X 5 to X 15), the muscles of the back (X 4) and the diaphragm (X 2.5). The small inconsistent increase in nutritional tongue blood flow probably underestimated the increased perfusion through arteriovenous shunts in the mucosa for heat-loss purposes. Myocardial blood flow increased in a linear fashion with work load in both ventricles.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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