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Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1987 Jan;48(1):62-6.

Effect of waste anesthetic gas and vapor exposure on reproductive outcome in veterinary personnel.


Elevated rates of adverse reproductive outcome among medical and dental personnel exposed to waste anesthetic gas and vapor have been noted in the literature. NIOSH issued recommended standards for occupational exposure to these agents in a criteria document published in 1977. This study was designed to investigate adverse reproductive outcome in veterinary personnel who are exposed to waste anesthetic gas and vapors at levels near the NIOSH recommended standards. This epidemiologic study employed case-control methodology using a national sample of male veterinarians, female veterinarians and female veterinary assistants. Occupational exposure to waste anesthetic gas and vapors was not found to be associated significantly with adverse reproductive outcome at the 95% confidence level for female veterinary personnel when adjustment was made for use of diagnostic x-rays. Use of diagnostic x-rays in veterinary practice was associated with a statistically significant increase in odds ratios for spontaneous abortion in female veterinarians and veterinary assistants.

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