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Urology. 1978 Jul;12(1):55-8.

Mortality and morbidity in pretransplant bilateral nephrectomy: analysis of 305 cases.


The surgical riks were analyzed in 305 patients with end stage renal failure who underwent bilateral nephrectomy through midabdominal approach in preparation for kidney transplantation. The over-all mortality rate was 3.6 per cent. Age was the most significant risk factor in the mortality. Patients less than fifty years of age had an operative mortality rate of 3.1 per cent while those more than fifty years had an operative mortality of 11.1 per cent. Other pertinent risk factors were preoperative complications of renal failure and additional surgical procedures at the time of bilateral nephrectomy. The leading causes of death were those of cardiovascular complications and infection. The morbidity rate was 58.7 per cent being major in 18 per cent and minor in 40.7 per cent. Bilateral nephrectomy is recommended selectively in patients with (1) chronic pyelonephritis with urinary tract infection, (2) major vesicoureteral reflux, (3) immunologically active glomerulonephritis, (4) severe hypertension uncontrollable by adequate dialysis, and (5) extremely large or infected polycystic kidneys.

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