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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1977 May;37(3):267-72.

Glucose tolerance in relation to skeletal muscle enzyme activities in cancer patients.


Glucose metabolism and skeletal muscle enzyme activities were studied in nineteen cancer patients and twelve matched controls. The fasting insulin values were normal but the fasting glucose values and the sum of glucose were increased and the sum of insulin was decreased during intravenous glucose tolerance test in the cancer patients. The elimination rate of glucose (k-value) during glucose challenge was, however, not significantly different in cancer patients as compared with that of appropriate controls. The activities of enzymes representative for glycogen turnover, glycolysis, citric acid cycle and respiratory chain were significantly lower in the muscle tissue of cancer patients, while the activity of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, an enzyme in the beta-oxidation of fatty acids, was unchanged and the activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase was significantly higher. Rate limiting enzyme activities in muscle tissue, phosphofructokinase and cytochrome c oxidase correlated signficantly with plasma insulin and glucose during glucose challenge. The results point at the possibility of covariating debilitation of pancreatic beta-cells and skeletal muscle enzymes caused by the malignant tumour.

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