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Basic Appl Histochem. 1986;30(4):425-32.

Distribution of glial fibrillary acidic protein in normal and gliotic human retina.


The distribution of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in normal human retina and in retinae with gliosis due to different diseases was studied by immunohistochemical methods. In normal retina, an evident GFAP-positivity is encountered only in the nerve fiber and ganglion cell layers; Müller cells do not stain. In retinal gliosis, together with an enhanced positivity of the perivascular and accessory glia, a strong staining for GFAP is observed in Müller cells, which extends from the inner to the outer limiting layers. A correlation between the intensity of immunohistochemical glial staining, its anatomical localization and the degree of retinal changes is suggested.

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